Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman who was awarded the United States’ highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor — for having distinguished himself during the battle for Fort Fisher of the American Civil War.
USS Santiago de Cuba
Bazaar, a resident of Massachusetts, was an immigrant from Chile who joined the Union Navy at New Bedford, Massachusetts. Bazaar was assigned to the USS Santiago de Cuba during the American Civil War. Santiago de Cuba was a wooden, brigantine-rigged, side-wheel steamship under the command of Rear Admiral David D. Porter. In the latter part of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on Fort Fisher, a stronghold of the Confederate States of America. It protected the vital trading routes of Wilmington’s port, at North Carolina. Rear Admiral Porter was in charge of the naval assault and General Benjamin F. Butler was in charge of the land assault. After the failure of the first assault, Butler was replaced by Major General Alfred Terry. A second assault was ordered for January 1865. Bazaar was aboard the USS Santiago de Cuba and served in both assaults on the fort. On January 12, 1865, both ground and naval Union forces attempted the second assault. Bazaar and 5 other crew members, under the direct orders from Rear Admiral Porter, carried dispatches during the battle while under heavy fire from the Confederates to Major General Alfred Terry. Bazaar and his comrades were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions.
Medal of Honor citation:
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
Accredited to: Massachusetts
Born: Chile, South America
G.O. No.: 59, June 22, 1865
On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault
on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat
crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, O.S.
Bazaar bravely entered the fort in the assault and
accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the
height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the
fort in the assault from the fleet.
Awards and decorations
Bazaar’s awards and decorations include the following:
Medal of Honor (Navy version)
Navy Civil War Campaign Medal